Education deprivation addresses the distress in education, skills & training in a local area.
How to identify an educational deprived?
The indicators are divided into two sub domains. First, deprivation of education among children/ young people in an area. Second, deprivation of skills and qualifications among the working age adult population.
The educational deprivation indicator measures the available resources for children’s learning. A fifteen year old child is considered deprived when they have less than four of eight basic items which include a study table, a place to work, a computer system for school work, educational software, an internet connection, a calculator, a dictionary and school books.
What are the statistics of education deprivation?
Around 124 million children under age 6 to 15 years are deprived of the opportunity to go to school or have dropped out.
Children between 12 to 15 years old who should have been acquiring lower secondary education are dropping out of school as primary school aged children.
Around 31 million girls worldwide do not get primary schooling. Around 34 million girls are absent from secondary schools. And around 21 million of them have never even entered the school.
Approximately 29 million children are not going to schools because of conflict and displacement.
Millions of children entangled in forgotten emergencies (such as in Nigeria, south Sudan, Central African Republic) have had their education jeopardized.
What are the causes of education deprivation?/\
The main causes can be listed as follows:-
1. Unrest in the country’s system
Schools are damaged or destroyed.
Schools used to house families in it instead of using it for its actual cause.
Shortage of facilities and teachers.
Schools and educational institutions considered as a business and are used to make profit.
People lacking the money to pay for school fees, for entrance exams, coaching and tuitions, transportation costs, etc.
Children being unable to take advantage of the various government schemes designed to help the underprivileged.
Poverty is multifaceted that envelops the inability to meet basic needs, lack of control over resources, lack of health & sanitation and lack of EDUCATION.
For poor families, they are considered as another person to earn bread for the family. And thus, providing education not being a priority for them.
3. Gender Inequality
Female population constitute more than 54% of the non- schooled population in the world.
Giving regard to the general notion that women are destined to work in homes, men are entitled to receive education.
Why stop education deprivation?
Firstly, for the very reason, that is to provide everyone with the benefits of education. It is a human right which everyone should get.
To break the cycles of poverty by enabling them to learn life related skills and gain knowledge needed to cope with today’s challenges.
Education is linked to improvements in health & nutrition, increasing the chances of survival of each child.
To make every child an active participant of the society. One, who is able to exercise his/ her rights and involve in civil and political life.
Education is also a protection factor. Children who go to school are less likely to conflict law and are less susceptible to child exploitations which include child labour, trafficking, sexual abuse etc.
How to end education deprivation?
International and regional political drives should ensure that all children have access to complete education.
UN should continue to hold all governments to answer for violations to the right of education.
Various organizational bodies working with governments should provide greater protection to minorities, refugees or people who have been made stateless.
Government should allocate sufficient resources to each and every child who lack any disabilities.
International actors who set global policies and engage in education through technical & international cooperation.